The Lifecycle of a Wood Borer Infestation and Treatment

Wood borers are a group of insects that can damage wood in various ways. They are notorious for destroying furniture, floors, and even the wood frame of buildings. In the UK, wood borer infestations are a common problem, especially in older homes and buildings.

This blog post will discuss the lifecycle of a wood borer infestation and the best treatment options. We’ll cover everything you need to know to identify a wood borer infestation, prevent further damage, and protect your home or building.

Understanding Wood Borers

There are several types of wood borers in the UK, but the most common ones include the Common Furniture Beetle, the House Longhorn Beetle, and the Powderpost Beetle.

Female wood-borers typically deposit their eggs on or just beneath the surface of the wood. Upon hatching, the larvae burrow through the wood, consuming it and causing harm. This feeding process can compromise the wood’s structure, making it more vulnerable to subsequent damage.

In addition to damaging wood, some wood borers can infest other materials such as fabric, leather, and paper. It’s essential to promptly identify and treat a wood borer infestation to prevent further damage to your property.

To prevent infestations, avoid bringing infested wood into your home or property, seal exposed wood to prevent beetles from laying their eggs, and store firewood away from your home or property. If you suspect a wood borer infestation, contact a professional for safe and effective treatment options.

Identifying a Wood Borer Infestation

Identifying a wood borer infestation is crucial to prevent further damage to your property. The following are some common signs and symptoms of a wood borer infestation:

  • Small Round Exit Holes in the Wood: Wood borers create small holes in the wood when they emerge as adults.
  • Fine Sawdust or Frass Accumulating Near the Exit Holes: The wood borers push out frass, which is a mixture of wood particles and excrement, as they tunnel through the wood.
  • Weak or Damaged Wood: Wood borers’ feeding activity can weaken the wood’s structure, causing it to become brittle and break easily.
  • Adult Beetles Emerging From the Wood: Seeing adult beetles emerge from the wood is a clear sign of a wood borer infestation.

Visible damage to wood is another indicator of a wood borer infestation. You may notice tunnels or galleries in the wood, which can weaken its structure. If you suspect a wood borer infestation, it’s essential to contact a professional for proper identification and treatment options.


Preventing wood borer infestations is easier than treating them. Here are some prevention methods to consider:

  • Proper Wood Storage: Properly storing wood can also help prevent infestations. Store wood off the ground and in a dry area, keep the wood covered to avoid moisture buildup and regularly inspect stored wood for signs of infestation.
  • Timely Treatment: If you suspect a wood borer infestation, prompt treatment is necessary. The longer you wait, the more damage the insects can cause to your property. Contact a professional for safe and effective treatment options.
  • Regular inspections: Regularly inspect your property for signs of wood borer infestations. Look for tiny holes in wooden surfaces, sawdust-like frass near the holes, and weakened or damaged wood. Early detection can help prevent extensive damage.
  • Ensure Proper Ventilation: Wood borers thrive in damp, poorly ventilated areas. Ensure your property has adequate ventilation, especially in basements, attics, and crawl spaces, to reduce humidity levels and discourage wood borer infestations.
  • Treat Susceptible Wood: Apply a wood preservative or insecticide to vulnerable wooden surfaces, such as floorboards, beams, and furniture. This can help prevent wood borers from infesting the wood and causing damage.
  • Remove Infested Wood: If you find any wood infested with wood borers, remove it from your property as soon as possible to prevent the infestation from spreading to other areas.
  • Seal Cracks and Crevices: Seal any cracks or crevices in your property’s walls, floors, and ceilings to prevent wood borers from entering and infesting the wood.
  • Store Firewood Properly: Keep firewood off the ground, covered, and away from your property to avoid attracting wood borers. Inspect firewood for signs of infestation before bringing it indoors.
  • Maintain Proper Moisture Levels: Wood borers are attracted to damp wood, so maintaining adequate moisture levels in your property is essential. Use dehumidifiers or install moisture barriers if necessary to keep humidity levels low.
  • Regular Maintenance: Keep the exterior of your property well-maintained by repairing damaged wood, sealing gaps, and painting or staining wooden surfaces. This can help prevent wood borers from entering your property and infesting the wood.
  • Seek Professional Help: If you suspect a wood borer infestation on your property, contact a professional pest control company to assess the situation and recommend appropriate treatments.

Taking steps to prevent wood borer infestations can save you time and money in the long run. Proper wood storage, avoiding infestations, and timely treatment are crucial for protecting your property from wood borer damage.

Treatment Options

When it comes to treating a wood borer infestation, there are two main treatment options: natural and chemical treatments.

Natural treatments for wood borers include essential oils, insecticidal soap, boric acid, and extreme temperatures (hot or cold). While natural treatments may seem like a safer option, they may not be as effective as chemical treatments.

Chemical treatments are the most effective way to treat a wood borer infestation. Chemical treatments include boron-based treatments, permethrin-based treatments, and fumigation. A professional can determine the best chemical treatment option based on the severity of the infestation and the type of wood affected.

It’s important to note that attempting to treat a wood borer infestation on your own can be dangerous, as some chemicals used in treatment can be harmful to humans and pets. It’s best to contact a professional for safe and effective treatment options.

DIY vs. Professional Treatment

If you have a wood borer infestation, you have the option of either treating it yourself or hiring a professional. To help you decide, here are some advantages and disadvantages to consider.

DIY Treatment


  • It may seem like a cost-effective solution.
  • It can be done at your own pace.
  • Allows you to have control over the treatment process.


  • Time-consuming and messy.
  • It may not be effective.
  • It can be dangerous if not done properly.

Professional Treatment


  • Quick, safe, and effective.
  • Professionals have the knowledge and experience to treat the infestation properly.
  • Reduces the risk of further damage to your property.


  • It may be more expensive than a DIY.
  • You may have to vacate your property during treatment.

Hiring a professional for wood borer treatment services is the safest and most effective option. Attempting to treat a wood borer infestation on your own can be dangerous and may not be effective in eliminating the infestation.

Restoration after Treatment

After a wood borer infestation has been treated, it’s essential to restore any damage that has been done to the wood. Here are some steps to consider for restoration after treatment:

  • Repairing Damaged Wood: Repairs may be necessary if the wood is damaged. A professional can help repair damaged wood to ensure the structure is safe and stable.
  • Prevention of Future Infestations: After treatment, it’s essential to take steps to prevent future infestations. This may include sealing exposed wood, properly storing firewood, and regular inspections.

Preventative measures can save you money in the long run by avoiding future infestations. If you’re unsure how to properly restore your wood after treatment or prevent future infestations, contact a professional for guidance. They can provide expert advice on how to keep your property safe from wood borer damage.

Legal Obligations

As a landlord in the United Kingdom, you have legal obligations to provide your tenants with a safe and suitable environment. This includes ensuring your property is free from pests and infestations such as wood borers. To meet these obligations, landlords must promptly prevent, detect, and treat any wood borer infestations.

Before renting out your property, you should conduct regular inspections and implement preventative measures such as sealing cracks, keeping the property dry, and using appropriate timber treatments. You must promptly address the issue if a tenant reports a wood borer infestation. Failure to do so could result in legal action against you for breach of contract and negligence.

If you plan to sell a property with a wood borer infestation, you must disclose this information to potential buyers. Failure to do so could result in legal action against you for misrepresentation.

In conclusion, wood borers can cause significant damage to your property and affect its value. As a responsible landlord, it’s crucial to prevent and promptly address wood borer infestations. Protect your investment and ensure the safety of your tenants by taking the necessary steps to manage wood borers on your property.


So, what have we learned about wood borers? These insects can be a significant problem for homeowners and landlords, but with the proper knowledge, prevention, and treatment method, you can protect your wood and your property investment.

If you suspect a wood borer infestation in your home or property, don’t hesitate to contact our team. We offer safe, fast, and effective wood borer treatment services. Protect your home and give us a call today.